Ida B. Wells
Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) was an African American journalist and active member of the civil rights movement. Initially born into slavery, she gained her freedom due to the Emancipation Proclamation. As a teenager, her family was ravaged by yellow fever, which claimed her mother, father and brother. Wells began supporting herself as a teacher, and eventually a journalist for a local newspaper. She often highlighted racial injustice with features such as Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases. Due to her commitment to race and gender equality, Wells received multiple awards including a posthumous Pulitzer Prize.