The Tribunal: Responses to John Brown and the Harpers Ferry Raid
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About the Author
John Stauffer is Professor of English and American Literature and Language and Professor of African and African American Studies at Harvard University.
Zoe Trodd is Professor of American Literature at the University of Nottingham.
In the current climate, 500 pages on John Brown is a shock and a tonic. Few men in American history (other than Lincoln) are so subject to myth-making as the militant abolitionist who attacked Harpers Ferry, Virginia in October 1859...The documents reward reading, none more so than those written by Brown himself.-- (02/15/2013)
The voices assembled in The Tribunal include Northern abolitionists and Southern slaveholders, a Union spy and a Confederate assassin, Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln, influential international figures like Karl Marx and Victor Hugo, journalists, poets, soldiers, and widows, along with Hawthorne, Whittier, Emerson, and Thoreau...[A] valuable compilation.-- (03/07/2013)
With The Tribunal, Stauffer and Trodd have assembled a fantastic collection of speeches, letters, newspaper articles, and journal entries that respond to one of the most significant antebellum moments. Following an erudite overview that proffers an excellent introduction to John Brown and the Harpers Ferry Raid of October 1859...This impressive collection is a welcome addition to the study of this period.-- (05/01/2013)
John Stauffer's and Zoe Trodd's The Tribunal is an invaluable resource for understanding Brown and his apotheosis. Their long introduction of forty pages is a model of clarity and usefulness. Its essential thesis is that although John Brown's raid was a military failure, it was a political success, not in helping moderate but in exacerbating the sectional crisis.-- (12/01/2014)
Beautifully, even lyrically written, The Tribunal shows the kind of even judgment that can only arise from long immersion in the materials. The editors are aware of how complex a figure Brown is, and how easy it would be, but also how fatal, to take a tendentious line about him.--John Burt, Brandeis University
The Tribunal is an illuminating and indispensable resource. The responses themselves are truly the best that history has to offer on John Brown ... a dynamic and vibrant collection.--R. Blakeslee Gilpin, University of South Carolina
No one is likely to have the last word on John Brown, the abolitionist and leader of the 1859 Harpers Ferry raid that cut to the marrow of the slavery question and convinced many Southerners that the North had gone mad and wanted to incite slave rebellion. However, this superb collection of documents comes very close to doing so. In the wide sweep of texts collected here--150 speeches, editorials, letters to editors, pamphlets, poems, songs, and more, each neatly set in historical context by the editors--Northerners, Southerners, and foreign commentators are shown to be, in Frederick Douglass's phrase, both "curious and contradictory" in weighing the meaning of John Brown and his act. The documents display a mixture of awe and anger, hope and horror, at the man, especially after he went bravely to the gallows proclaiming the justice of his cause. And, as the documents further attest, Brown and his raid remained contentious in history and myth thereafter...To understand the power of conviction and the crisis of fear that brought on civil war, reading this brilliant collection is essential. From it, one will see that John Brown is not a-moldering in his grave. He haunts us yet today.-- (09/01/2012)
Stauffer's and Trodd's main contribution is to provide a convenient assemblage of documents illustrating how Brown's action accelerated the mutual alienation between North and South, but their book is valuable also for its selection of responses from abroad, including comments by Marx, Garibaldi, and John Stuart Mill.