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DescriptionAristotle's Politics is a key document in Western political thought. In these first two books Aristotle shows his complete mastery of political theory and practice, and raises many crucial issues still with us today. In Book I he argues vigorously for a political theory based on 'nature'. By nature, man is a 'political animal', one naturally fitted for life in a polis or state. Some people, however, are natural slaves; and women are by nature subordinate to men. Acquisition and exchange are natural, but not trading for profit. In Book II he launches a sharp attack on Plato's two 'utopias', the Republic and the Laws, and also criticizes three historical states reputed to be well governed: Sparta, Crete, and Carthage. This volume contains a close translation of these two books, together with a philosophical commentary. It is well suited to the requirements of readers who do not know Greek.
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Published Date: January 01, 1926
Dimensions: 4.6 X 1.3 X 6.5 inches | 1.05 pounds
Language: Greek, Ancient (to 1453)
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About the Author
Aristotle (384-322 BC) was born in the city of Stagira. At the age of seventeen or eighteen he came to Athens and became a student at Plato's Academy, where he remained for twenty years. Later he was appointed head of the royal academy in the kingdom of Macedon, where he tutored, among others, the king's son, Alexander. By 335 BC, Aristotle had returned to Athens, where he established a school known as the Lyceum. He conducted courses at the Lyceum for twelve years, and it is believed that he wrote most of his works during that time. His works constitute the first comprehensive system of philosophical and empirical knowledge. His influence on all subsequent philosophy and science is profound; the medieval Muslim scholars called him the "First Teacher" and the Scholastics referred to him simply as "The Philosopher."
Harris Rackham (1868-1944) was a Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge.