Aristotle, great Greek philosopher, researcher, reasoner, and writer, born at Stagirus in 384 BCE, was the son of Nicomachus, a physician, and Phaestis. He studied under Plato at Athens and taught there (367-47); subsequently he spent three years at the court of a former pupil, Hermeias, in Asia Minor and at this time married Pythias, one of Hermeias's relations. After some time at Mitylene, in 343-2 he was appointed by King Philip of Macedon to be tutor of his teen-aged son Alexander. After Philip's death in 336, Aristotle became head of his own school (of "Peripatetics"), the Lyceum at Athens. Because of anti-Macedonian feeling there after Alexander's death in 323, he withdrew to Chalcis in Euboea, where he died in 322.Nearly all the works Aristotle prepared for publication are lost; the priceless ones extant are lecture-materials, notes, and memoranda (some are spurious). They can be categorized as follows: I. Practical: Nicomachean Ethics; Great Ethics (Magna Moralia); Eudemian Ethics; Politics; Oeconomica (on the good of the family); Virtues and Vices.
II. Logical: Categories; On Interpretation; Analytics (Prior and Posterior); On Sophistical Refutations; Topica.
III. Physical: Twenty-six works (some suspect) including astronomy, generation and destruction, the senses, memory, sleep, dreams, life, facts about animals, etc.
IV. Metaphysics: on being as being.
V. On Art: Art of Rhetoric and Poetics.
VI. Other works including the Athenian Constitution; more works also of doubtful authorship.
VII. Fragments of various works such as dialogues on philosophy and literature; and of treatises on rhetoric, politics and metaphysics.The Loeb Classical Library(R) edition of Aristotle is in twenty-three volumes.
About the Author
Aristotle (384-322 BC) was born in the city of Stagira. At the age of seventeen or eighteen he came to Athens and became a student at Plato's Academy, where he remained for twenty years. Later he was appointed head of the royal academy in the kingdom of Macedon, where he tutored, among others, the king's son, Alexander. By 335 BC, Aristotle had returned to Athens, where he established a school known as the Lyceum. He conducted courses at the Lyceum for twelve years, and it is believed that he wrote most of his works during that time. His works constitute the first comprehensive system of philosophical and empirical knowledge. His influence on all subsequent philosophy and science is profound; the medieval Muslim scholars called him the "First Teacher" and the Scholastics referred to him simply as "The Philosopher."
Hugh Tredennick (1899-1982) was Professor of Classics at Royal Holloway College and Dean of the Faculty of Arts at London University.