Jonathan Swift's satirical novel was first published in 1726, yet it is still valid today. Gulliver's Travels describes the four fantastic voyages of Lemuel Gulliver, a kindly ship's surgeon. Swift portrays him as an observer, a reporter, and a victim of circumstance. Shipwrecked and cast adrift, Lemuel Gulliver wakes to find himself on Lilliput, an island inhabited by little people, whose height makes their quarrels over fashion and fame seem ridiculous. His subsequent encounters - with the crude giants of Brobdingnag, the philosophical Houyhnhnms and brutish Yahoos - give Gulliver new, bitter insights into human behaviour. Swift's savage satire views mankind in a distorted hall of mirrors as a diminished, magnified and finally bestial species, presenting us with an uncompromising reflection of ourselves. These is both a satire on human nature and a parody of the "travellers' tales" literary sub-genre. It is Swift's best known full-length work, and a classic of English literature. The book became popular as soon as it was published (John Gay wrote in a letter to Swift that "It is universally read, from the cabinet council to the nursery"; since then, it has never been out of print.
Anglo-Irish author Jonathan Swift was born in Dublin on November 20, 1667. He was best known for his political satire in pieces such as A Modest Proposal and Gulliver's Travels. After spending his youth in London, he returned to Dublin to serve as the Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral. He died on October 19, 1745.