This book focuses on events before and after the International Non-Governmental Organization Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas that was held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1977. Contributions by Chief Oren Lyons, John Mohawk, and José Barreiro document the struggle for self-determination and a new era of possibility for Native nations. Position papers, including "The Haudenosaunee Address to the Western World," present an insightful view of spiritual traditions going back thousands of years. A valuable historical, sociological, religious, and anthropological resource for college classes. Includes expanded end notes, index, and bibliography section. In a compelling and impassioned voice, Basic Call to Consciousness speaks for the basic rights of humankind and all our relations. Photos. Illustrations.